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What Happens if You Die Without a Will: Intestate Succession in Georgia

by | Dec 11, 2023 | Estate Planning, Firm News, Probate Law, Trust Administration

Embarking on a journey without a map can lead to unexpected turns and destinations. Similarly, passing away without a will in Georgia sets your estate on an uncharted course defined by the state’s intestate succession laws. These laws act as a default navigational system, directing how your estate is divided, but often not in the way you might have intended.

The State’s Roadmap for Your Estate

In the absence of a will, Georgia’s intestate succession laws kick in like a government program. If you’re comfortable living off government benefits, you might be fine with your estate being distributed according to state rules, but if you’re someone who has saved and built up something to leave your children, you might not be happy with the government plan. These laws involve onerous court supervision and follow a strict bloodline hierarchy for asset distribution, often overlooking personal relationships and individual wishes. It’s a one-size-fits-all approach that might not suit your unique family dynamics.

The Administration Process: Steering Through Legalities

1. Choosing the Navigator: The Estate’s Administrator

When there’s no will, the court appoints an administrator, typically a close relative. However, in cases where family members are unable or unwilling, an outsider or creditor might take the helm. This lack of personal choice can lead to an administration that doesn’t align with what the deceased might have wanted.

2. The Bond: A Mandatory Security Deposit

Almost always required unless waived by all heirs, the bond acts as a security measure against mismanagement of the estate. This requirement can be a hurdle if the next of kin has poor credit, potentially disqualifying them from serving as the administrator.

3. Compensation for the Administrator

Managing an estate is no small task. Administrators are compensated, typically around 5% of the estate’s value, with potentially higher percentages for smaller estates. This cost is another deduction from what the heirs eventually receive.

4. Reporting: The Accountability Factor

Administrators are tasked with maintaining transparency through detailed reporting. This accountability ensures that the estate is managed and distributed according to the state’s rules. While the requirement of reporting may seem like a good thing, it can be a problem if your administrator is a close loved one who has to endure undue stress and pay extra professional expenses to comply with reporting requirements to satisfy creditors and heirs.

5. Creditors and Expenses Take the Front Seat

Before any heir can lay claim to the estate, debts and expenses take priority. Creditors line up first, followed by other costs associated with settling the estate. Only then do the heirs receive their share, often leaving them with less than expected.

6. After It’s All Done, Your Heirs Finally Get Their Part

At the end of the day, if anything is left, your heirs get their respective parts. But who are your heirs? In Georgia, heirs are determined by consanguinity, a term that refers to the blood relationship between
individuals. The state’s laws lay out a clear hierarchy of who inherits in the absence of a will. If you have a surviving spouse and children, your estate is typically divided among them, with your spouse receiving a portion and the remainder being equally split among your children. If you have no children, your spouse may inherit the entire estate. In the absence of a spouse or children, your estate cascades down to other relatives such as your parents, siblings, and then further to nieces, nephews, and more distant relatives. This predetermined hierarchy may not reflect your personal relationships or preferences. For example, a
lifelong partner to whom you’re not married may not receive anything, nor will stepchildren or close friends, regardless of the closeness of your bond. It’s a system that applies a general formula, potentially overlooking the nuances and specifics of your unique situation. In fact, if you don’t properly plan your estate, your wishes won’t make a difference at all. Therefore, it’s crucial to understand that without a will, the state’s plan for your estate may not align with your wishes, emphasizing the importance of having a tailored estate plan in place.

The Role of Guardianship for Minor Children

In the absence of a will, there’s no nominated guardian for minor children. This leaves their care in the hands of the court, which will appoint a guardian based on generic rules favoring closer legal relatives. The court’s choice may not reflect the parental preference, adding another layer of complexity and potential distress for the children. Conversely, with a Will, you can nominate the Guardians you want the court to appoint.

Public Announcement: Dealing with Creditors and Debtors

The legal obligation to publish notices to debtors and creditors is akin to casting a wide net, ensuring that all financial claims against the estate are brought forward. This step is essential to settle outstanding debts before any distribution to heirs. Some people joke that the administration or probate process is a process of suing yourself on behalf of your creditors, which is not something you’d normally sign up for.

The Ripple Effects of Delay or Failing to Administer an Estate

Without a clear estate plan, families often procrastinate in dealing with the estate. This delay can freeze assets, entangle legal issues, and deepen the complexities of the process. Procrastination can turn an already challenging situation into a legal quagmire. We unfortunately see many family estates, particularly with real estate, wasted due to no one ever administering the Estate and transferring it to someone who would benefit from it.


Dying without a will in Georgia steers your estate into a state-controlled process that may diverge significantly from your personal wishes. From prioritizing creditors to the impersonal appointment of estate administrators and guardians for minor children, intestate succession can lead to outcomes that might not reflect your intentions.

Moreover, crafting a will without expert guidance can be just as perilous. The intricacies of estate planning require professional expertise to navigate effectively. All the problems highlighted earlier can be avoided or mitigated with careful, expert planning. A well-crafted will is more than a document; it’s a roadmap that ensures your estate journey follows the path you envision. It offers clarity, direction, and peace of mind, not just for you but for those you leave behind. If you want your family to avoid probate altogether, a proper living trust can do even more heavy lifting to lessen the administrative burden of your loved one. In estate planning, as in any journey, the right guide makes all the difference. Investing in professional legal assistance is not just about drafting a document; it’s about charting a course that honors your legacy and safeguards your loved ones’ future.